postgresql log_error_verbosity ¦ postgresql log_error_verbosity default – solution 2024

PostgreSQL is a powerful open-source relational database management system (RDBMS) that is widely used for handling large-scale data. When working with databases, it’s crucial to monitor and manage errors effectively. One key aspect of this is configuring the log_error_verbosity parameter. In this article, we will explore what Postgresql log_error_verbosity is, why it’s essential, and how it can be configured in PostgreSQL.

Postgresql log_error_verbosity

Logging in PostgreSQL

Logging is the process of recording events, such as errors or queries, that occur in a database system. In PostgreSQL, logs are invaluable for diagnosing issues, monitoring performance, and ensuring the integrity of your data.

Error Verbosity (postgresql log_error_verbosity)

Error verbosity refers to the amount of detail provided in error messages. PostgreSQL offers different levels of verbosity, ranging from concise to detailed. The log_error_verbosity parameter determines the amount of information logged when an error occurs.

Understanding Postgresql log_error_verbosity

The log_error_verbosity parameter has three possible values:

  • TERSE: This is the least verbose option. It provides concise error messages with basic information about the error.
  • DEFAULT: This is the default setting. It offers a moderate level of verbosity, including additional details to help identify the source of the error.
  • VERBOSE: This is the most verbose option. It includes extensive information about the error, such as stack traces and variable values at the time of the error

Configuring postgresql log_error_verbosity

To configure the log_error_verbosity parameter, you need to modify the PostgreSQL configuration file (usually named postgresql.conf). This file is typically located in the PostgreSQL data directory.

Here’s a basic example of how to set postgresql log_error_verbosity:

log_error_verbosity = VERBOSE

After making changes to the configuration file, you will need to restart the PostgreSQL server for the new settings to take effect.

Use Cases for Different Verbosity Levels

TERSE – Minimalistic Logging

TERSE: Suitable for production environments where you want to minimize log volume. It provides enough information to identify the occurrence of errors without overwhelming the logs.

Use Case: Production Environments

In a production environment, the primary concern is to keep logs concise while still providing enough information to identify and address errors. The TERSE verbosity level is ideal for this scenario. It offers brief error messages, allowing administrators to quickly detect and respond to issues without overwhelming the log files.

Example Configuration:

log_error_verbosity = TERSE

DEFAULT – Balanced Logging

DEFAULT: A good balance between terseness and detail. It is helpful for both development and production environments, offering enough information to troubleshoot without inundating the logs.

Use Case: Development and Production Environments

For environments where a moderate level of detail is needed, the DEFAULT verbosity level strikes a balance. It provides additional information beyond TERSE to aid in troubleshooting without inundating the logs. This setting is suitable for both development and production environments, offering enough context to diagnose errors efficiently.

Example Configuration:

log_error_verbosity = DEFAULT

VERBOSE – Detailed Logging

Use Case: Development and Debugging

During development and debugging phases, detailed information about errors is essential for pinpointing and resolving issues. The VERBOSE verbosity level provides extensive details, including stack traces and variable values at the time of the error. While immensely helpful for debugging, this setting should be used judiciously in production due to the potential for generating large log files.

Example Configuration:

log_error_verbosity = VERBOSE

PostgreSQL Data Directory

The data directory is the location where PostgreSQL stores its databases, tables, and related files. Locating this directory is fundamental for managing databases effectively.


  • Windows:
  1. Open the PostgreSQL installation folder. Commonly, this is found in C:\Program Files\PostgreSQL\<version>\data.
    1. <version> refers to the PostgreSQL version you installed.
  • Linux:
  1. By default, PostgreSQL data directory is /var/lib/pgsql/<version>/data.
    1. <version> will vary based on your PostgreSQL installation.
  • macOS:
  1. PostgreSQL data directory is usually located at /usr/local/pgsql/data.

PostgreSQL Configuration File (postgresql.conf)

The postgresql.conf file contains various settings that influence PostgreSQL’s behavior. Editing this file is necessary for configuring PostgreSQL to suit your specific requirements.


  • Windows:
  1. Navigate to the PostgreSQL installation folder.
    1. The postgresql.conf file is in the data directory, e.g., C:\Program Files\PostgreSQL\<version>\data\postgresql.conf.
  • Linux:
  1. The default location is /etc/postgresql/<version>/main/postgresql.conf.
    1. <version> corresponds to the installed PostgreSQL version.
  • macOS:
  1. The postgresql.conf file is typically at /usr/local/pgsql/data/postgresql.conf.

Understanding Technical Terms

  • Data Directory: The directory where PostgreSQL stores databases, tables, and related files.
  • Configuration File (postgresql.conf): A text file containing settings that configure PostgreSQL’s behavior.
  • Installation Folder: The main directory where PostgreSQL is installed on your system.

Navigating to the Data Directory and Config File

  • Windows: Open File Explorer, navigate to the PostgreSQL installation directory, and locate the data folder for the data directory. The postgresql.conf file is within this folder.
  • Linux: Use a file manager or terminal to access the /etc/postgresql/<version>/main/ directory for the postgresql.conf file. The data directory is commonly at /var/lib/pgsql/<version>/data.
  • macOS: Use Finder or the terminal to reach /usr/local/pgsql/data/ for the data directory and find the postgresql.conf file.

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